Showing 20 posts by Christina L. Moore.
Mandatory vaccination laws were first enacted in the early 19th century, beginning with Massachusetts’ smallpox vaccination law in 1809. Generally, courts have ruled that the policing power of States absolutely includes reasonable regulations, such as vaccinations laws, established by State legislatures to protect public health and safety. State vaccination laws are mostly applied to children for school or childcare enrollment or employees of certain health care facilities. With this in mind and in anticipation of a vaccine for COVID-19, many wonder if children and healthcare employees will be the first population sectors in which States will require compulsory vaccination under existing laws. If that is the case, many schools, childcare facilities, parents and community leaders may question if it is a “reasonable regulation” to vaccinate a population sector least affected by COVID-19, being children, to protect the public health and safety of all.
An Anticipated Coronavirus Vaccine: How will Georgia Schools & Daycare Handle Vaccination Exemptions?
In anticipation of a vaccine for the COVID-19 this fall, it is a good time to revisit the vaccinations requirements in your State and determine if your institution/business will be obligated to require COVID-19 vaccination of your daycare or student population and/or possibly your staff/employees. In review of Georgia law, vaccinations are required for all children entering school or attending a daycare center. Georgia law allows two exceptions to vaccinations—medical necessity and religious objections. In Georgia the laws allow private schools and daycare centers to accept the medical and/or religious exemptions, but do not require them to do so. Additionally, with the infection rate of COVID-19 and the World pandemic of the virus, in Georgia protection of public safety is a legal reason for both public and private schools and daycare centers not to recognize such exemptions.
Providers of childcare services are undoubtedly still trying to navigate the current COVID-19 climate. While many childcare providers experienced some degree of shutdown from March through May of this year, others have remained open – in part – due to the need of parents and guardians who have continued working outside of the home. Now that states are reopening at varying speeds, childcare providers are making decisions about whether and at what level to operate this summer. This article seeks to provide guidance for childcare providers on two questions that may be keeping them up at night.
On June 3, 2020, the U.S. Senate passed the Paycheck Protection Program Flexibility Act which was previously approved by the House of Representatives on May 28, 2020. The Flexibility Act was written and considered in response to concerns raised by Payroll Protection Program (PPP) loan borrowers. While this law has not yet been approved by the President, it is expected to be signed without change. Once signed by the President, we anticipate the Small Business Administration (SBA) and Department of Treasury will issue guidance pertaining to the Flexibility Act, including a new form forgiveness application. The following is a summary of the highlights of the Flexibility Act and resulting changes to the PPP provisions of the CARES Act.
Georgia Governor Brian Kemp has issued two executive orders governing Georgia childcare and camping programs, dated May 21, 2020 and May 28, 2020. Together, the two orders extend the new rules through June 15, 2020, allow more children and staff in groups, and allow overnight camps beginning May 31. The highlights of the new rules are:
On May 22, 2020, the U.S. Small Business Administration (SBA), in consultation with the Department of Treasury, issued an interim final rule on review procedures and related borrower and lender responsibilities with respect to Payroll Protection Program (PPP) loans. This interim final rule provides information to borrowers who have received a PPP loan as to what to expect in the SBA’s review of an individual PPP loan and/or audit of a PPP loan. Additionally, the interim rule expressly states the SBA may review any size PPP loan issued under the PPP loan program at any time (and noting that borrowers must retain PPP documentation for six (6) years after the date the loan is forgiven or repaid in full) and provides information as to what the SBA may review.
On May 22, 2020, the U.S. Small Business Administration (SBA), in consultation with the Department of Treasury, issued an interim final rule (regulations) on the forgiveness process, requirements and considerations with respect to Payroll Protection Program (PPP) loans. This interim final rule provides information to borrowers on forgiveness and is in line with the guidance contained in the Loan Forgiveness Application published on May 15, 2020.
As set forth in the Paycheck Protection Program (PPP) provisions of the CARES Act, a borrower is eligible for forgiveness of a PPP loan in an amount equal to the sum of, generally, payroll costs, rent obligations, mortgage interest expense and utilities incurred and paid during an 8-week period commencing on the date a PPP loan is funded. In connection with eligibility for forgiveness, the Small Business Administration (SBA), in consultation with the U.S. Department of Treasury, recently issued the Paycheck Protection Program (PPP) Loan Forgiveness Application. The application is the first piece of guidance issued by the SBA with respect to forgiveness and aids borrowers in the tracking and calculation of loan forgiveness. Further, the form application and related instructions change certain anticipated aspects of forgiveness, while also increasing costs that may qualify for forgiveness. The following is a summary of the notable forgiveness application items relevant to many businesses.
Under the Paycheck Protection Program (PPP) provisions of the CARES Act, generally a business is eligible for a PPP loan if the business, together with its affiliates, has 500 or fewer employees or operates in a certain industry and meets the applicable Small Business Administration (SBA) employee or revenue based size standard for that industry. Using the SBA permitted size standards, in some circumstances, a business (when considered together with its affiliates) could still be eligible for a PPP loan with greater than 500 employees.
Governor Kemp has issued a new executive order (the Order) that extends the state’s social distancing and other protocols to mitigate spread of the coronavirus through May 31, 2020, changes some rules for childcare programs, and sets out specific rules for summer camps. The highlights of the new rules for childcare and camps are:
- Teresa E. Adams
- Deborah A. Ausburn
- Kyle M. Baker
- James Balli
- Scott G. Blews
- Alisa P. Cleek
- Jonathan D. Crumly Sr.
- Glianny Fagundo
- Julian A. Fortuna
- Randy C. Gepp
- Shawntel R. Hebert
- Katie Heron
- Mitzi L. Hill
- Bryan F. Jacoutot
- Donald S. Kohla
- Lauren Parsons Langham
- Catrina Markwalter
- Lauren Marlow
- Jan G. Marsh
- LaTise Miller
- Allen W. Nelson
- Gregory G. Schultz
- Michele L. Stumpe
- Jonathan B. Wilson